I updated the CNZ1120 Photo Interrupter board to version 2.0. The new board is smaller and uses SMD components (only two resistors). Check it out here.
I designed a basic motor controller that is robust, cost effective and able to handle high current. I wanted to take advantage of Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) to allow speed control but keep direction control as simple as possible. Thus, I use a pair of SPDT relays for direction and a single MOSFET for PWM. I also use optoisolation to separate digital logic from the back EMF of the motor and relay coils. Go here to see it.
I developed the prototype plug to further extend the mounting options for the Hobbyduino. A breadboard can be mounted for prototyping or components can be soldered onto the board. Go here to see it.
More mounting options! I have developed a prototype shield in my pursuit to make it easier to use the Hobbyduino. This shield allows a breadboard to be mounted on it for prototyping circuits. It also has a circuit layout in reference to a breadboard that allows for permanent mounted circuits. Go here to see it.
I wanted to expand the mounting options for the Hobbyduino Mini so, I created a screw terminal shield. This shield breaks out the Arduino pins to screw terminals and allows for easy attachment of wires. Go here for the project.
The Hobbyduino Mini allows for shields (or plugs as I call them) to be attached in somewhat the same way as the Arduino. As such, I would like to present one of the first shields developed for the Hobbyduino Mini called the Hobbyduino Mini boot-loader ISP Plug. This plug (or shield if you like) can be used to burn the Arduino boot-loader onto blank ATMega328 or ATMega168 chips. In essence, this plug is a minimalist AVR ISP programmer. Go here for the project.
A little while ago a fellow robot builder that goes by the signature of ignoblegnome (IG) did a review for me on my version of a minimalist Arduino clone designed to be used for prototyping and finished projects. The board design allows the Hobbyduino Mini to be used on a breadboard by soldering pin headers to the I/O sockets or in a finished project by attaching wires. IG also passed along some great suggestions for future versions. I took the suggestions he made and modified the original design. Go here and check out the 3rd revision of the Hobbyduino Mini.
I added a project detailing my version 1 design of the Hobbybotics I2C I/O Expander based on the Philips PCF8574A. The PCF8574A provides eight bits of I/O at the expense of only two micro-controller pins. Analog pins 4 and 5 on the Hobbyduino double as the SDA and SCL I2C pins, respectively. Check out the project here.
The Hobbybotics Photo Interrupter is based on the Panasonic CNZ1120. A photo interrupter sensor is composed of an infrared emitter on one side and a shielded infrared detector on the other. By emitting a beam of infrared light from one side to the other, the sensor can detect when an object passes between them, breaking the beam. Such sensors are used as optical limit switches for CNC applications or position sensors in robotics, for example. Being a version 1 design, I made a few mistakes when I created the PCB. Originally, I added a LED for on-board visual indication however, I routed the trace wrong. No big deal as I corrected it by not installing one on the PCB. Easy enough fix and it should be obvious if the circuit is working correctly, right? The second error, while not really an error in the end, is I swapped the PCB footprint pins when I created the CNZ1120 photo interrupter part in ExpressPCB. This turned out to be a better fit in the end as it allowed me to place the component on the opposite side of the board away from the other components. I did update the schematic and board files to reflect the corrections. So, go here and check out the project and, if you decide to build from my project files, remember that I have made corrections.
I uploaded pictures to the gallery of version 1 of the Hobbybotics Photo Interrupter based on the CNZ1120. I screwed up a bit when I designed this board as I created the footprint for the CNZ1120 photo interrupter backwards. It still worked out in the end and I actually like it this way as it allows me to place the interrupter on one side of the board with the rest on the components on the opposite side. I also screwed up a bit in the schematic with the placement of the LED. This little mistake was fixed by simply removing the LED and associated resistor from the final board. In the end, it still works!
View it here.